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"Menshelakh un stsenes : zekhtsen tseykhenungen tsu shlum-elikhms verk" or "Menshelakh and scenes: sixteen drawings to Sholem Aleichem works", 1922

Identifier: B333.08.0008.0002


"Menshelakh and scenes: sixteen drawings to Sholem Aleichem works" contains sixteen illustrations by Rachel Szalit-Marcus that depict charaters and scenes from Sholem Aleichem's works. Also in the Lowenstein collection are four original signed lithographs by Rachel Szalit-Marcus, three of which are the originals for this publications. Though the relationship between Maria Lowenstein and Rachel Szalit-Marcus is unknown, Marcus' works mixed in with Maria Lowensteins indicates a relationship between the two artists. Rachel Szalit-Marcus was murdered in Auschwitz in 1942.


  • 1922


Language of Materials

Yiddish with a few copyright notes in English.

Biographical / Historical


SZALIT-MARCUS, RACHEL (1894–1942), painter and book illustrator. She spent her childhood in Lodz. Her parents, simple working people, encouraged her artistic talent, and in 1911 sent her to Munich to study at the Art Academy. Here she met Julius Szalit, a successful Jewish actor, whom she married. Szalit later committed suicide. In 1916 Rachel moved to Berlin, where she exhibited with the artists of the Secession group and became a member of the November group, young avant-garde artists who joined forces after the November Revolution of 1918. When the Nazis assumed power Rachel Szalit-Marcus fled to France. In 1942 she was arrested and sent to a concentration camp where she died. She painted portraits, flower pieces, and still-lifes. Her best-known works consist of lithographic illustrations to books by Mendele Mokher Seforim, Shalom Aleichem, Israel Zangwill, Heinrich Heine, and Martin Buber.

Elisheva Cohen Encyclopaedia Judaica. Ed. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. Vol. 19. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. p402. Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2007 Keter Publishing House Ltd.


From the File: 1.5 Linear Feet (In flat box 19 x 15 x 3 inches)

Scope and Contents

From the Collection:

Materials in this collection were gathered and preserved by Henry Lowenstein's mother Maria Loewenstein. Materials include legal documents and correspondence from the Nazi government of Germany, identification papers issued by the Nazi government, ration books, personal correspondence including letters from family sent through the Red Cross and friends in the Theresienstadt Concntration Camp and Lodz (Lodj) Ghetto, photographs, legal documents and utility receipts used by Maria Loewenstein to prove she was not a Jew, admission and discharge papers from the Wittenauer Sanatorium, Socialist Democratic Party membership cards, and Henry Lowenstein's videographed oral history and an exhibit book containing a brief written history of his family. The collection also contains artwork created by Marie and Henry Lowenstein. The collection ranges from 1848 to 2013.

Custodial History

Purchased by Rocky Mountain Jewish Historical Society.


32 cm. x 24.5 cm x 2 cm

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections and Archives Repository

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