Etienne B. Renaud Papers
Etienne B. Renaud (1880-1973) served as a faculty member of University of Denver Department of Anthropology from 1920-1948. Renaud influenced archeaological survey methods describing one of the first attempts at systematic excavation in the American Southwest. In 1929 he directed a field expedition for the Colorado Museum of Natural History. He conducted archaeological surveys of the American plains area including Eastern Colorado, 1930-1933; Eastern Wyoming, 1931; Western Nebraska, 1933; Northeast New Mexico, 1934-1935; Southern Wyoming, 1935-1939; and Southern Colorado, 1940-1943. Renaud deposited artifacts from his field expeditions in the University of Denver Anthropology Museum. His papers contain field notes, archaeological survey manuscripts with original sketched site maps and artifact drawings, photographs, maps, journal articles, newspaper clippings, and microfilm.
Language of Materials
These materials are primarily in English with some materials in French.
Biographical / Historical
Professor of Anthropology Etienne B. Renaud (1880-1973) began working as a lecturer in Anthropology at the University of Denver in 1920 and remained a faculty member until his retirement in 1948. He was the first professional archaeologist to make a systematic study of eastern Colorado. In the summer of 1929, Renaud directed a field expedition for the Colorado Museum of Natural History (now the Denver Museum of Nature and Science). He then proceeded with other archaeological surveys of the western High Plains. His archaeology reports were supported not only by the University of Denver, but also by the Smithsonian Institution. After his retirement, he continued to travel, write papers, and give lectures. The collection reflects Renaud's influence on archaeological survey methods, showing one of the first attempts at systematic excavations ever made in the western High Plains. Renaud was instrumental in the development of the Anthropology Department at the University of Denver, becoming its first full professor in 1924. When the Mary Reed Building was built in 1932, Renaud designed the space for the Museum of Anthropology. Many of the artifacts collected during Renaud's archaeological fieldwork are part of the museum's collection. Renaud was a forerunner in the field of archaeology in the Rocky Mountain Region, and contributed greatly to the field as a whole. He influenced many students and colleagues, writing approximately 125 articles for American and European publications on archaeology, craniometry, linguistics, and Native American religion.
8 Linear Feet (5 record boxes, 1 flat box, 1 legal document box, 1 map box)
Scope and Contents
The papers contain Renaud's original field notes; archaeological survey manuscripts with sketched site maps and artifact drawings; reports from the Archaeological Survey of the High Western Plains; maps; microfilm; photographs of Egypt and Central America; newspaper clippings and journal articles about early civilization, prehistoric figurines, and the cultures of the western High Plains.
The papers are arranged into 15 series:
- Correspondence, 1927-1965
- Field Notes, 1921-1941
- Article Notes and Manuscripts, 1926-1939
- Articles by Renaud, 1925-1960
- Reports and Surveys by Renaud, 1931-1947
- Articles citing Renaud, 1943
- Articles about Renaud, 1921-1936
- Publications Authored by Others, 1922-1963
- Photographs, 1923-1937
- Negatives, undated
- Postcards, 1937, undated
- Maps and Travel Information, 1916-1952
- European Cave Drawings, undated
- Ephemera, undated
- Printing plates, undated
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of the E.B. Renaud Estate, 1973. Gift of Roy Bartee II, 2006. Gift of Club Sevigne, 2006.
Accrual to collection received from the University of Denver Museum of Anthropology, 2013 October 10. Materials included microfiche of field notes and several printing plates.
Books were removed from the collection and cataloged separately. A list is available in Special Collections.
- Anthropologists -- Colorado -- Denver
- Archaeological museums and collections -- Colorado
- Indigenous peoples of North America -- Great Plains -- Antiquities
- Indigenous peoples of North America -- Implements
- Renaud, E. B. (Etienne Bernardeau), 1880-1973
- Research notes
- Scientific illustrations (Images)
- Southwest, New
- University of Denver. Department of Anthropology
- University of Denver. Museum of Anthropology
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description