Rose, Maurice, 1899-1945
Maurice Rose was born in 1899 in Middletown, CT to Orthodox Jewish parents Rabbi Samuel and Katy Rose. The family moved to Denver, CO in 1902 when Maurice was three. After graduation from highschool, Maurice Rose enlisted in the United States army when he was 15 and fought under General Pershing. At the beginning of World War I he was a second lieutenant and by the end of the that war he was a captain. After World War I, Maurice Rose briefly worked as a salesman, but then re-enlisted. He stayed in the army and attended various military schools. After fighting in North Africa and Sicily, Rose was sent to command forces during the D-Day Normandy invasion as a Brigadier General. In August of 1944, Rose was promoted to the rank of Major General and was given command of the 3rd Armored Division. The 3rd Armored Division captured Rotgen, the first German city to fall to the Allies. During the Battle of the Bulge, the 3rd Amored Division's tanks battled the advancing German Panzers. After capturing Cologne in early March of 1945, the division drove more than 90 miles into German territory on March 29, 1945. However, the next day, March 30, General Rose was killed in action. Prominent Jewish businessmen who were planning to build a new Jewish hospital, decided to name the hospital General Rose Memorial Hospital. The major fundraiser for the hospital was Max Goldberg who was a long-time editor of the Intermountain Jewish News. General Eisenhower laid the cornerstone of the hospital on August 31, 1948.
Found in 26 Collections and/or Records:
Box 1, 1970-2019
Box contains photocopies of newspaper articles pertaining to General Maurice Rose from the Intermountain Jewish News; (1) copy of the Colorado History News from April 1995; (1) copy of the "The First Twenty-Five Years of the General Rose Memorial Hospital 1945-1970" and (1) copy of "Major General Maurice Rose: The Most Decorated Battletank Commander in U.S. Military History." Also contains newspaper from April 3, 1945 announcing General Rose's Death.
Box 2, 1945-2019
Box 3, 1915-2020
Contains 8 folders of research materials, souvenir marble paperweight from Rose Hospital 70th anniversary and a final draft of "Major General Maurice Rose: The Most Decorated Battletank Commander in U.S. Military History."
Box 5, 1930-1945
The box contains a scrapbook with photographs of Maurice and Virginia Rose and their son Roderick. There are also photographs of Samuel, Katy and Arnold Rose. The scrapbook has cream-colored covers and is 15x12.5x2 inches.
Box 6, 1945-2013
Box 7, 1945-1946
The scrapbook was created by the General Rose Memorial Association. The scrapbook contains correspondence, fund raising material and construction photographs of the General Rose Memorial Hospital.
Box 18, 2019
Contains unbound book "General Maurice Rose" by Marshall Fogel and research notes by Fogel on East Denver Jews.
Christening of Major General Rose Airplane., circa 1950
Photographs of Katy Rose christening the Gerneral Major Rose airplane, including photographs of her with a christening bottle.
Clippings, Books, Research Materials, and Correspondence, 1945-2019
Collection contains a copy of the Colorado History News from April 1995; a copy of the book "The First Twenty-Five Years of the General Rose Memorial Hospital 1945-1970"; a copy of the book "Major General Maurice Rose: The Most Decorated Battletank Commander in U.S. Military History." It also contains a print of recently restored painting of General Maurice Rose, news clippings, photographs, scrapbooks, correspondence, and research materials.
Controversy Regarding Rose's Religion, 1945-2019
Folder contains correspondence between the American Battle Monuments Commission, the American Graves Registration Command European Theater Area, and General Rose Memorial Hospital about the replacement of the Star of David grave headstone with a Christian Cross in 1949. There is also an address given by Louis Nizer in New York in 1945.